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prefs.py

### Copyright (C) 2002-2006 Stephen Kennedy <stevek@gnome.org>

### This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
### it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
### the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
### (at your option) any later version.

### This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
### but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
### MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
### GNU General Public License for more details.

### You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
### along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
### Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

### Modified August 2007 by Damon Lynch to allow use of list value preferences
### Modified May 2010 by Damon Lynch to allow preferences to be reset
  
"""Module to help implement 'instant-apply' preferences.

Usage:

import prefs
defaults = {
    "colour" : prefs.Value(prefs.STRING, "red")
    "size" : prefs.Value(prefs.INT, 10)
}

p = prefs.Preferences("/apps/myapp", defaults)
# use variables as if they were normal attributes.
draw(p.colour, p.size)
# settings are persistent. (saved in gconf)
p.color = "blue"

"""

00038 class Value(object):
    """Represents a settable preference.
    """

    __slots__ = ["type", "default", "current"]

00044     def __init__(self, t, d):
        """Create a value.

        t : a string : one of ("bool", "int", "string", "list")
        d : the default value, also the initial value
        """
        self.type = t
        self.default = d
        self.current = d
        
    def setfunc(self, gconf, rootkey, attr):
        setfunc = getattr(gconf, "set_%s" % self.type)
        setfunc("%s/%s" % (rootkey, attr), self.current)
        
    def getfunc(self, gconf, rootkey, attr):
        getfunc = getattr(gconf, "get_%s"  % self.type)
        return getfunc("%s/%s" % (rootkey, attr))

            
00063 class ListValue(Value):
    """
    Represents a list type settable preference.
    """
    
    __slots__ = Value.__slots__ + ["list_type"]
00069     def __init__(self, list_type, d):
        """
        Create a list value.
        
        d : the default value, also the initial value
        list_type: the type of elements the list contains
        """
        Value.__init__(self, LIST, d)
        self.list_type = list_type
        
    def setfunc(self, gconf, rootkey, attr):
        setfunc = getattr(gconf, "set_list")
        setfunc("%s/%s" % (rootkey, attr), self.list_type, self.current)
        
    def getfunc(self, gconf, rootkey, attr):
        getfunc = getattr(gconf, "get_list")
        return getfunc("%s/%s" % (rootkey, attr), self.list_type)


# maybe fall back to ConfigParser if gconf is unavailable.
import gconf

# types of values allowed
BOOL = "bool"
INT = "int"
STRING = "string"
FLOAT = "float"
LIST = "list"
# PAIR = "pair"
STRING_LIST = gconf.VALUE_STRING
INT_LIST = gconf.VALUE_INT
BOOL_LIST = gconf.VALUE_BOOL
FLOAT_LIST = gconf.VALUE_FLOAT
##

00104 class Preferences(object):
    """Persistent preferences object.

    Example:
    import prefs
    defaults = {"spacing": prefs.Value(prefs.INT, 4),
                "font": prefs.Value(prefs.STRING, "monospace") }
    p = prefs.Prefs("myapp", defaults)
    print p.font
    p.font = "sans" # written to gconf too
    p2 = prefs.Prefs("myapp", defaults)
    print p.font # prints "sans"
    """

00118     def __init__(self, rootkey, initial):
        """Create a preferences object.

        Settings are initialised with 'initial' and then overriden
        from values in the gconf database if available.

        rootkey : the root gconf key where the values will be stored
        initial : a dictionary of string to Value objects.
        """
        self.__dict__["_gconf"] = gconf.client_get_default()
        self.__dict__["_listeners"] = []
        self.__dict__["_rootkey"] = rootkey
        self.__dict__["_prefs"] = initial
        self._gconf.add_dir(rootkey, gconf.CLIENT_PRELOAD_NONE)
        self._gconf.notify_add(rootkey, self._on_preference_changed)
        for key, value in self._prefs.items():
            gval = self._gconf.get_without_default("%s/%s" % (rootkey, key) )
            if gval != None:
                value.current = value.getfunc(self._gconf, rootkey, key)

    def __getattr__(self, attr):
        return self._prefs[attr].current

    def get_default(self, attr):
        return self._prefs[attr].default        
    
    def __setattr__(self, attr, val):
        value = self._prefs[attr]
        
        if value.current != val:
            value.current = val
            value.setfunc(self._gconf, self._rootkey, attr)
            
            try:
                for l in self._listeners:
                    l(attr,val)
            except StopIteration:
                pass

    def _on_preference_changed(self, client, timestamp, entry, extra):
        attr = entry.key[ entry.key.rindex("/")+1 : ]
        try:
            valuestruct = self._prefs[attr]
        except KeyError: # unknown key, we don't care about it
            pass
        else:
            if entry.value != None: # value has changed
                newval = valuestruct.getfunc(self._gconf, self._rootkey, attr)
                setattr( self, attr, newval)
            else: # value has been deleted
                setattr( self, attr, valuestruct.default )

00170     def notify_add(self, callback):
        """Register a callback to be called when a preference changes.

        callback : a callable object which take two parameters, 'attr' the
                   name of the attribute changed and 'val' the new value.
        """
        self._listeners.append(callback)

00178     def dump(self):
        """Print all preferences.
        """
        for k,v in self._prefs.items():
            print k, v.type, v.current
            
00184     def reset(self):
        """
        reset all preferences to defaults
        """
        
        for key in self._prefs:
            self.__setattr__(key, self.get_default(key))
            


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